EASTERN or MAINLAND TIGER SNAKE:
(Notechis scutatus scutatus)
The Mainland or Eastern Tiger Snake is fairly common over it's range being found from southeast Queensland, East coast of New South Wales to the Great Dividing Range into Victoria and the South East of South Australia, throughout the Murray Darling & Riverland (Murray River) and Onkaparringa River following the Belt into the Adelaide Hills, including their various tributary systems.
There are various sub species of tiger snakes coming in a range of colours & markings and may or may not be banded. Colours range from greenish browns, browns, olive, redish brown to black. The pale crossbands may be greenish white, greyish to yellow but some individuals lack any pattern.
Although there are varying sub-species of tiger snake with differing microhabitats, eg; Chappell, Carnac & Garden Islands where the snakes mainly feed on mutton birds or penguins and shelter in their burrows, the Mainland or Eastern Tiger Snakes' preferred habitat is along freshwater lakes, rivers, creeks & swamps etc; sheltering beneath logs, rocks & other surface debris, old tree stumps etc; even any encountered unused burrows.
The diet of the Eastern or Mainland Tiger Snake mainly consists of frogs, tadpoles, fish including eels, lizards, birds that are nestling in low lying shrubs and trees & small mammals, eg; rats & mice. Although this snake is mainly diurnal, it may also be encountered on warm to hot evenings.
The tiger snake generally has litters of between 15 to 30 being live born from January to April, but litters of more than 100, have been recorded. This snake has been recorded as growing up to 2.1mts.
Although Tiger snakes will attempt to flee if disturbed or encountered, they will aggressively defend themselves if they feel cornered or threatened.
The Tiger snake was once known to be responsible for the most number of deaths from snakebite per year in Australia, having a powerfull neurotoxic venom, but today, the brown snake holds this title. This snake must be considered extremely dangerous to man and any suspected snakebite - even from a newborn baby, treated as an emergency & urgent medical assistance sort. Immediate First -Aid needs to be applied (the pressure immobilization technique), transport brought to the victim, preferably an ambulance and transported to the nearest hospital.
Snakebite Prevention is better than cure, leave all snakes alone and if needed call a professional snakecatcher or herpetologist for advice & or assistance if necessary.